Indicus vs Taurus
S.No Bas indicus zebu Bas Taurus –fresian jersey European
1. Legs thinner and longer Thicker and shorter
2. Face longer and narrower Shorter an broader
3. Profile face slightly convex Dished concave shallow
4. Horns external disposition. conical Horns internal disposition or not available at all.
5. Ears –tapering of tips like scissors Rounded at tips
6. Hump –thoraco cervical hump hump less
7. Cockerel tail vertebrae 18 no 18 to 21 vertebrae
8. Cartilage at tip of tail. they are not bones .cartilage is very useful for zebu to repel away flies and mosquito’s Cartilage not available – hence more disease due to flies and mosquito’s
9. Hind Croup and rump sloppy hind part Leveled rump hind part
10. Heel short thick densile white or light colures Two coats long and less densile and colures
11. Skin pigmented – hair color is white No pigmentation
12. Basal metabolic rate is very less – so less intake of feed Basal metabolic rate is very high so in take of food is very high
13. Maternal instinct is very high- care on calf Maternal instinct is very low –even possible to milk without calf
14 Milk is very rich in fat Milk is very poor in fat
15. Premunity is high –resistance to disease is very high Premunity in very low. Disease prone
16. Dystokia is less very easy labor Dystokia is very very high. Difficulty in labor
17. Turn out rate very less –production is less compared to  tharus Turn out rate is more
18 Longevity is very high very high life span Less life span
19. Has ability to adapt to any or low quality fodder Does not posses the ability to adapt
20. Lactation diestrum –sexual rest up to 3 to 4 months after delivery

Immediate heat and pregnancy

21. Hormonal level minimum or not existent Very high hormonal level
22. Water requirement low Very high water requirement
23. High mobility Very poor mobility
24. Foraging activity is high -grazing Very poor grazer
25. Skin surface area 12 % excess over taurus breeds so it has more sweat glands 12 to 15 % less compared to bas indicus or zebu
26. Tail vertebrate sacral -4 anatomical difference 5 no
27. Appendages under the neck more and loose Less or not available at all
28. Twitching is high –tail movement Low are not existent at all
29. Fat deposition intra muscular Sub cutaneous
30. Docility highly temperamental docile
31. Reticulo endothelial system disease resistant system well developed Not developed very less – so it requires lots of antibiotics and treatment which is harmful


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